Hello Ecology and The Environment Readers!
Besides other natural resources, Nature has left no stone unturned in endowing resources to humans. Rivers, Mountains, Desserts, Fertile land and four seasons are those elements which if own by the inhabitants of a country are considered as lucky. But Pakistan being bestowed by such blessings that even No one cannot imagine Like Land of Thar, High and lofty Mountain ranges, oil and Gas reservoirs, petroleum, extensive coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone and Gold.
Oil, apart from its need, is also considered as a sign of prosperity in the whole world. But With the passage of time due to scientific inventions it also becomes an obligatory element that without its fulfilling modern demands seems to be impossible.
As Energy; How is it a Miracle?
As though, it is the greatest source of energy for human world, and earth is the greatest underground reservoir, when it comes out we call it “Crude oil”, and then with the help of different scientific machines we separate it into different components i.e. Diesel, Kerosene oil and other forms of Petrol. Nature has granted all things to humans beyond his imaginations, but due to its over and unfamiliar uses by human beings, these resources falls shortly much before their time arrives.
On the contrary, nature has blessed the humans with such rewards in the form of trees and herbs that a man can’t even imagine. There are more than 0.5 million plants on the planetary earth. Among these plants there are few of them which by utilizing gives Fuel (Diesel).In Pakistan the number of these plants are 25, in India 3 and 4 in America. Which consists of Canola, Sugar cane and Jatropha. Experts are of the opinion that we can obtain diesel from all but it will result in food Security problems. Jatropha is neither directly and nor indirectly use by humans for its food and till now all the experiments conducted to extract diesel from the seed of this plant are successful.
The English name of the plant is Physic nut, the scientific name is Jatropha curcus L. belong to family Euphorbiaceae. The plant is native to Mexico and Central America. But now a days for Biodiesel it’s planted through out the Globe Including Pakistan. It’s an evergreen plant of 6 meter height. It could be planted even in Deserts Because of it’s strong capacity of bearing dryness. Its seed consists of 27-40% oil from which we manufacture high quality and less expensive diesel. Transesterification of a vegetable fat was showed as initial as 1853 by Patrick Duffy, four decades before the first diesel engine became serviceable. Rudolf Diesel’s prime model, a single 10 ft iron cylinder with a flywheel at its base, contended on its own power for the first time in Augsburg, Germany, on 10 August 1893 running on nothing but peanut oil. In commemoration of this event, 10 August has been affirmed “International Biodiesel Day”. In the transesterification process a glyceride reacts with an alcohol in the presence of a catalyst forming fatty acid alkyl esters and an alcohol.
But it’s astonishing that some months before in the International energy conference the experts agreed upon this idea that they should adopt every substitute ways of energy. it’s very Alarming that up to no government officials have taken any interest in the Biodiesel Production from Jatropha.