Albatross; World’s Most Exceptional Birds
In the world with diverse number of species, the phenomenon we call species richness. One of the most amazing of these is the Albatross. A brief introduction along with general and specific characters are in following detail. Albatross; World’s Most Exceptional Birds. Let’s explain. Albatross is a Greek or Arabic word which means the diver, this word reflects the abiltity of being the most efficient diver of sea water.
What is Albatross?
Albatross belongs to the family Diomedeidae. Common people also call it Seabirds. They are widely present in Southern Ocean and North Pacific. They are absent in North Atlantic. These are one of the world’s largest flying birds having a wingspan of about 3.7meters. They feed on squid, fish, and krill by either scavenging, surface seizing, or diving. Albatrosses are ccolonial in their nesting behaviour residing in far away islands. Paing among males and females occurs and then go for life long.
Number of Species
International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) recongnizes twenty two (22) species of Albatrosses worldwide. Of twenty two species, three are CR, five are EN, Seven are NT while seven species are vulnerable.
Threats to Albatrosses
Albatrosses are facing a number of threats, some of them are;
- Threats by rats and feral cats which attack chicks, eggs and nesting adults.
- Pollution is adding more to the extinction of species than other reasons.
- Longline fishing.
- Bycatch also adds to the reduction of population.
Birds are unique with respect to their peculiar characters. However, albatrosses have more peculiarities than other birds. Some of these important and recreating values are listed below;
- People get recreation by watching this large bird in colonies.
- Albatross have largest wingspan of about 3.7m.
- They are incredibly great parents caring their youngones.
- Mating for life is a stunning behaviour.
- Albatross live as long as about 60 years.
- Face with risks of bycatch.
- The usual color is white.
- Bills of about 10cm length.
Moreover, every year 19th June is celebrated as World’s Albatross day, first in 2020. The theme is to save birds against different threats. This year, the 2021, Theme is “Ensuring Albatross-friendly Fisheries”. Consevation programs round the planet are working together to minimize the risks to the Albatross species. Governaments should join hands with locals as well as NGOs to save this family of great flying birds.